United States Patent Office.
SAMUEL PUFFER, JR., OF SUNDERLAND, MASSACHUSETTS. IMPROVEMENT IN
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 680, dated April
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Samuel Puffer, Jr., of Sunderland, Franklin
county, State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful
Improvement in the Scythe-Snath, which is described as follows,
reference being had to the annexed drawing of the same, making
part of this specification.
The nature of this improvement consists in cutting a thread, A,
Figure 3, in the periphery of a circular plate or bush, A, Figs.
1, 2, 3, let into the snath and making two apertures in the same
for the shank of the scythe, so that it may be turned and fixed
in any desired position, in order to set the scythe at any
required angle, according to the kind of grass or grain to be
cut, or the kind of land on which the mowing takes place, the
shank being shifted from one aperture to the other, or the
circular plate or bush turned as may be required. Likewise, in
having one end, B, of the hook G, Fig. 4, of each nib D detached
from the other, so that as the nut on the end of the longer arm,
E, is turned it causes the two arms of the hook to be crowded
into the perforation through the center of the nib and the hook
to embrace and take a firm hold of the snath; by which
improvements the cost of the snath is greatly reduced and a new
and better effect produced by the scythe in mowing, as will be
evident to the farmer on the first trial, for it is well known
that heretofore he has been, obliged to take off the scythe and
bend the shank inward in order to set it at a proper angle for
cutting lodge-grass, or on uneven and stony land, and to remove
it again and bend it back to set it for cutting smooth grass, on
even land, which bending is not only troublesome, but soon causes
the shank to break. Besides, the scythe can never be set to that
nicety by bending as by the before-described revolving bush.
What I claim as my invention, and which I desire to secure by
Letters Patent, consists—
1. In the before-described revolving bush or circular plate for
changing the angle of the scythe for cutting various kinds of
grass or grain on various kinds of ground.
2. In detaching one end of the hook of the nib from the other to
cause it to embrace the snath more firmly by crowding it into the
aperture of the nib by the nut on the end of the longer arm of
SAMUEL PUFFER, Jr.
Witnesses: Wm. P. Elliot, Edmund Maher.